Mobile printing at its most accessible…on the street corner between the hot dog guy & the mime. Unfold Design Studio (also known for their 3d printed ceramics) follows up their orignal Kiosk project with a new & improved verison…Kiosk 2.0. They state “Kiosk is a project that explores a near future scenario in which digital fabricators are so ubiquitous, that we see them on street corners, just like fast food today sold in NY style mobile food stalls.” The mobile printing station features a Bits to Bytes FDM printer, multiple filament spools, & an onboard scanner all mounted to a sweet ride with an umbrella.
They ask “How does this scenario challenge our perception of authorship, originality, design, what the role of the designer when goods are moved around in the form of digital blueprints and appropriated in ways beyond our control?” These are good questions to be asking as we move forward at the quickening pace of the 3d printed future.
Great video (no sound though) of giant dual-robot armed DLP Printer building some kind of monsterous resin stalagtite. It is called “Phantom Geometry” and is a masters thesis in architecture by husband and wife team, Kyle von Hasseln and Liz von Hasseln.
The project was developed in the Robot House at the Southern California Institute of Architecture (SCI_Arc) and awarded the inaugural Gehry Prize. The work is focused on the development of a system for generating material volume from streaming data. The creators state: “This system of fabrication relies upon native real-time feed-back and feed-forward mechanisms, and is therefore interruptible and corruptible at any time. The streaming data input may be transformed or modified at any time, and such” interventions impact emerging downstream geometry.”
The layers are approx 3.5mm thick, cured in about 90-180 seconds slowing to as much as 500+ seconds as the build progresses (maybe the bulb was dying?). Clear resin was chosen partly to be able to cure thick layers as well as easthetic reasons. They were able to cure 1mm of resin about as quickly as 3.5mm. Layer thickness was chosen for speed & cost considerations. The main idea was to build a large, networked object within the intersecting workspheres of the robots allowing the object to bifurcate and merge with other neighboring stalactites. The second important idea is that the data was accessible in real-time. They were able to modify the 3d geometry as it was printed as well as the 2D image of the sliced 3D geometry right before it was sent to the projector. They were able to control layer thickness on the fly and add perforations. Because of this, they foresee very cool possibilities for scripting geometry.
Has desktop gunsmithing begun? An online collective calling themselves “Defense Distributed” has put together an initiative whose goal is an opensource database for a 3d printed gun that is design.
They launched an Indiegogo campaign called the “Wiki Weapon Project” to raise $20,000. Indiegogo pulled the campaign citing company policy against fundraising for the sale of firearms. The project intends to make a fully 3-D printed pistol for the first time, though it would likely be capable of only firing a single shot until the barrel melted. The team eventually raised the full amount through it’s own website using Paypal & BitCoin electronic currency & leased a Stratysys printer to prototype their designs.
Stratysys decided they were not comfortable with the use of their machine within the scope of their agreement so they canceled the lease & sent contractors in an Enterprise rental van to seize the printer from the home of Cody Wilson, the 24 year-old second-year law student at the University of Texas at Austin & director of the Defense Distributed.
Although they have already encountered obstacles in their quest, the group’s blog states “You Can’t Stop What’s Coming”. With the ever growing availability of DIY & prosumer 3D printers that is likely the case. Understandably the laws are a bit vague when it comes to opensource 3d printed weapons. Conflicting language seems to support Defense Distributed’s concept as much as it prohibits it. Why guns when this project could focus on wind energy or some other more “popular” subject?
Their website states:
“Guns prove out some of our younger generations’ beliefs about information and sharing at an extremity. If we truly believe information should be free, that the internet is the last bastion of freedom and knowledge, and that societies that share are superior to societies that censor and withhold, then why not guns?”.
Although the language & delivery comes off a bit fringe for the mainstream, Wilson makes an interesting point to the “International Kleptocrats” towards the end of his video presentation (approx 6:30) that “this isn’t in your control anymore…you don’t understand the world you’re living in”.
Well let the arguments begin, meanwhile..while you’re debating, projects like this have already happened. I blogged earlier about 3d printed handcuff keys..well you can now buy one on Amazon.
Michael Guslick (aka “Have Blue”) became an online sensation after claiming that he fired over 200 rounds through an AR-15 3d printed plastic lower receiver built from a blueprint database posted on Thingiverse.
Formlabs has just rolled out their FORM 1 3d printer on Kickstarter. They have become fully funded in just 2.5 hours ($100,000 goal)! There are some exceptional differences in this machine compared to the typical FDM & DLP printers out there. This is SL based technology (stereolithography) using a $10 Blu-Ray laser (same as in hi-def DVD players) for photo exposure versus a $10,000 laser typically found in SLA machines. FORM 1 boasts build resolutions of 25 micron (.001″) in Z & 300 micron (.012″) feature details. Build envelop is listed at 125 x 125 x 160mm (4.9 x 4.9 x 6.5 inches). This is a substantial improvement over other desktop printers in its class. Although this price tier is sold out (higher priced tiers remain at time of this writing) the starting price for the machine was placed at $2,299. This project is exceptionally well put together & the machine looks to be at a considerably mature design stage. Formlabs states that they have built 7 generations of prototypes & a production run of alpha machines. They have developed their own software package for build setups & support generation which does not look to be opensource. No mention of future software/hardware support but the project is already a go so we’ll see how the company & product develops. Exciting stuff, Love it!
Arts collective panGenerator has created an interesting piece entitled FLOAT. It has surrounded a fish tank (that has a fish in it) with cameras. They plot the fish’s movements, compile that & turn it into a 3D Printed sculpture. Exceptionally interesting shapes & patterns made by the random wandering of a fish in it’s prison. Always wonderful to see information in a form we can study & appreciate. Would like to see this done with a colony of ants, a flock ofstarlings…or us in Times Square.
DUS, a Dutch architecture firm, unveiled their KamerMaker (“RoomBuilder”). It is the first mobile 3D printer with the capacity to print inhabitable pavilions. The technology is based on the Ultimaker printer (essentially RepRap) but can print as large as 2.2 x 2.2 x 3.5 meters. It is housed in a giant chrome box that looks as if aliens had plopped down & begun building homes for themselves. Although arguably not quite large enough yet to build a pavilion in a single go, it could certainly fabricate the pieces for onsite assembly. The idea is to implement a more local & adaptable design approach, reuse available materials, & offer mobile construction of emergency & temporary shelter.
German hacker and security consultant who goes by the name “Ray” demonstrated Friday at the Hackers On Planet Earth conference in New York a 3d printed & laser cut keys that open high security handcuffs. He was able to open handcuffs built by the German firm Bonowi and the English manufacturer Chubb who both use a single key design for their products. Although the keys are purportedly harder to come by than more standard cuffs & not commercially available, Ray says he bought a Chubb key from eBay, and obtained the rarer Bonowi key through an unnamed source. He reverse engineered the keys & built CAD models that he then cut in plexiglass with a laser cutter and printed in ABS plastic with a Repman 3D printer.
Ray, says his goal isn’t to reduce security but to expose the vulnerability. He states, that his tools are already available to criminals along with the rest of the public. “If someone is planning a prison or court escape, he can do it without our help.” says Ray. He says he won’t post CAD models online, given that those keys are harder to obtain and providing models for their reproduction could in fact reduce their real-world security. But their availability should serve as a wake-up call. The cuffs’ applications include restraints for airplane passengers & plastic keys can easily be carried through airport security. “People who have a high value goal don’t mind the cost of using a higher cost method. Someone with a higher criminal goal doesn’t care if it takes one dollar or one hundred dollars to make this key” he says. “Lock security was broken before. I’ve just made it easier.”
I submit that the zip tie style thumb cuffs are just as effective & cheaper than the old-timey metal ones particularly now that the keys are so easily reproduceable. Hey, you could print the zip ties too!
French-born engineer and designer Luc Fusaro, a student at the Royal College of Art in London, claims he has invented the world’s fastest running shoe. Using 3d scans, the “Designed to Win” shoe is designed around the unique shape of a runner’s foot, weighs 96 grams, and it can improve performance by as much as 3.5% (about .35 seconds in a 100-meter dash). The shoe is not designed for long distance but for sprinter’s that time is the difference between silver and gold. Unfortunately it will not be available for the upcoming Olympics but Fusaro hopes to have it ready for the 2016 games.
Burritob0t is the thesis project of grad student Marko Manriquez at NYU’s Interactive Telecommunications Program at the Tisch School of the Arts. This is in many respects similar to the Cornucopia. I’m skeptical if the world’s first 3d printed burrito has happened yet or if this is just concept but I am so hungry. Mmmm, extruded piles of beans, cheese, guacamole & sour cream. Imagine the implications in the fast food industry & @ 2am when you’ve maybe had too many drinks…instant burrito! Enjoy.